Watercraft (ie boats & personal watercraft) between 2.5m and 24m in length must conform to the RCD in order to be sold/used in Europe (and a growing list of non-EU countries). The Directive also requires engines & some boat components to be CE marked in their own right, if they are to be fitted to recreational craft.
The new RCD (2013/53/EU) replaced the old RCD (94/25/EC as amended by 2003/44/EC) on 18th January 2017.
Since 1st of January 2010, the International Sailing Federation (ISAF) has required boats that are to be compliant with their Offshore Special Regulations, to have their scantlings certified. ISAF themselves issue the certificate but a review of scantlings must be performed by a RCD Notified Body that is specially recognised by ISAF. HPiVS is one of the seven bodies that has been recognised.
The procedure requires the owner or builder to apply to the Notified Body, not ISAF, for their review.
The PED applies to the design and manufacture (but NOT operation) of pressure equipment with a maximum allowable pressure greater than 0.5 bar (gauge). Any single product or assembly that contains such a pressure falls within the scope & must be CE marked.
Safety Accessories, such as a pressure or temperature switch, that does not contain pressure, also fall within the scope if used to control pressure equipment.
For a vessel to fall into the scope of SPVD, it must:
- be unfired
- be cylindrical
- be welded from particular grades of steel or aluminium
- contain nitrogen or air
- have a gauge pressure greater than 0.5 bar
- be produced in series
The Directive has other limitations to it’s scope. A vessel falling outside the scope of SPVD falls into the scope of the Pressure Equipment Directive (PED).
The Machinery Directive covers a very wide range of products as a machine is defined as “an assembly of linked parts or components, at least one of which moves”. The Directive also applies to lifting accessories & safety components.
The Directive has a specific list of machine types that must be certified by a Notified Body. All other machines may self-certify or appoint a Notified Body to issue a “voluntary” statement of conformity.